Laser Tube Cutting

Custom Laser Tube Cutting Services

JIAHUI offers exceptional metal fabrication services, notably excelling in laser tube cutting. This cutting-edge technique ensures unmatched precision in production. Our Custom laser Tube-cutting service empowers engineers with the flexibility to incorporate intricate cutout shapes into pipes and tubing efficiently. This advanced technology significantly accelerates production while minimizing costs thanks to its foolproof construction methods. By leveraging our expertise in tube laser cutting, we guarantee optimal results, meeting the highest standards of accuracy and efficiency.

  • Innovation in Crafting
  • Efficiency in Production
  • Swift Prototyping Expertise
Laser Tube Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

What’s Laser Tube Cutting Process?

Laser tube cutting is a highly precise manufacturing process that involves the targeted cutting of tube stock material to craft a wide range of shapes, designs, holes, and channels. This intricate procedure employs a meticulously controlled precision laser. The core of the process involves securing the tube or pipe material within a controlled lathe. The precision laser executes the cutting operations as the material rotates according to predefined design specifications.

One of the most remarkable features of laser tube cutting is its ability to fabricate through-holes of virtually any shape, even those as small as the material’s wall thickness. Furthermore, this technique is frequently employed to produce channels within the tube. These channels serve the dual purpose of facilitating effortless bending and enabling seamless welding of the tube, particularly useful when crafting angled tubing. This process finds application across industries, from constructing intricate industrial components to forming precisely angled tubing in various sectors.

Our Qualification For Laser Tube Cutting Service

Our exceptional qualifications in this advanced manufacturing technique underscore our proficiency in laser tube cutting. JIAHUI boasts a seasoned team of experts who are well-versed in harnessing the precision of laser technology for tube fabrication. Our state-of-the-art facility has advanced laser cutting systems that integrate seamlessly with computer-aided design (CAD) software. This integration allows for the flawless translation of designs into tangible, accurately cut tubes.

We take pride in our track record of delivering high-quality results. Our technicians are adept at programming and operating the laser systems, ensuring consistent and precise cuts with minimal tolerances. This not only guarantees the exactitude of the final product but also minimizes material waste. Our qualifications extend beyond technical expertise. We understand the particular needs of various industries, enabling us to tailor our laser tube-cutting services to diverse applications.

Manufacturing Process

Laser tube cutting involves securing tube material in a lathe, where a precision laser-guided by CAD software emits intense heat to cut. High-pressure gas clears molten material, achieving accurate, intricate shapes. This efficient process finds use in diverse industries for precise component production.

Material Cutting Slit Material Diameter Surface Finish Tolerance
Stainless Steel 0.1~1mm Φ10~150mm Ra6.3µm (3.2µm achievable if specified) ±0.1mm
Carbon Steel 0.1~1mm Φ10~150mm Ra12.5~6.3µm (3.2µm achievable if specified) ±0.1mm
Aluminum 0.1~1mm Φ10~150mm Ra12.5~6.3µm (3.2µm achievable if specified) ±0.1mm
Copper 0.1~1mm Φ10~150mm Ra12.5~6.3µm (3.2µm achievable if specified) ±0.1mm
Copper 0.1~1mm Φ10~150mm Ra6.3µm (3.2µm achievable if specified) ±0.1mm

Our Laser Tube Cutting Production Capabilities

We excel in laser tube cutting production. Using advanced tech and skilled staff, we precisely shape various tube materials. Our efficient process ensures top-quality results for diverse applications.

Materials for Laser Tube Cutting Parts

Laser tube cutting accommodates various materials for parts fabrication. Metals like steel, stainless steel, aluminum, and plastics are effectively shaped with precision. This versatility enables tailored solutions across industries, seamlessly meeting design needs and functional requirements.

  • Aluminum
  • Stainless Steel
  • Carbon Steel
  • Copper
  • Titanium

AluminumAluminum

The distinctive characteristics of aluminum make it one of the best materials for laser tube cutting. The major aluminum alloys are A360, A380, A390, A413, ADC12, and ADC1. Among all, the A380 is the most worthwhile aluminum alloy.

Characteristics

  • Excellent corrosion resistance
  • Lightweight
  • High strength and hardness
  • Outstanding thermal conductivity
  • High electrical conductivity
  • Remarkable EMI and RFI shielding properties

Stainless Steel

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is metal-enriched with chromium elements (11%) and a small amount of carbon. Chromium offers corrosion resistance to stainless steel. Due to this, the laser tube cutting parts are less likely to be affected by rust or corrosion. It can be easily molded into several forms. Thus, manufacturers prefer it for the die-casting process.

Characteristics

  • Extremely durable
  • High tensile strength
  • Corrosion resistant
  • Easy fabrication and formability
  • Low maintenance cost

Carbon Steel

Carbon Steel

Carbon steel is famous for its low cost and versatile nature. Typically, carbon steel is divided into three categories, i.e., low-carbon, medium-carbon, and high-carbon steel. The properties of these types differ according to the carbon content present in the material. Low-carbon steel is known for its good machinability and weldability, whereas high-carbon steel is used in high-strength applications.

Characteristics

  • Very hard
  • Ductile and malleable
  • Relatively low tensile strength
  • Good machinability
  • Low cost

 

CopperCopper

Copper is a reddish-orange metal with a face-centered cubic structure that is highly valued for its aesthetics. It exhibits remarkable properties, yet, it can be alloyed with different elements, such as aluminum, tin, zinc, nickel, etc., to improve its characteristics further. The following are some fundamental properties of copper that make it ideal for producing die-casting parts.

Characteristics

  • Very soft
  • An excellent conductor of heat and electricity
  • Good corrosion resistance
  • High ductility
  • Fine malleability

 

Titanium - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Titanium

Titanium is a silver-grey transition metal often used for manufacturing high-strength parts. It is relatively soft when present in its pure form. However, adding certain elements like iron, aluminum, and vanadium makes titanium harder. The properties of titanium make it a perfect choice for manufacturers to use for die-casting parts.

Characteristics

  • Extremely high tensile strength
  • Lightweight
  • High corrosion resistance
  • Able to withstand extreme temperatures
  • High melting point
  • Excellent oxidation capabilities

 

Surface Treatment For Laser Tube Cutting Parts

Laser tube cutting parts benefit from essential surface treatments that enhance their durability, appearance, and functionality. These processes improve corrosion resistance and quality, ensuring the parts meet performance expectations.

Name
Product
Description
Materials
Color
Texture

Anodizing

Anodizing_Laser Tube Cutting Part - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Anodizing improves corrosion resistance, enhancing wear and hardness and protecting the metal surface. This surface finish is widely used in mechanical parts, aircraft, automobile parts, and precision instruments.

Aluminum, Titanium,

Clear, Black, Grey, Red, Blue, Gold, White, Silver, Purple

Smooth, Matte finish

Bead Blasting

Bead Blasting_Laser Tube Cutting Part - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Bead blasting in surface treatment is a process where fine abrasive particles, such as glass beads or ceramic media, are propelled at high speed onto a surface using compressed air. This abrasive action helps to remove rust, paint, or other contaminants, leaving behind a clean and textured surface finish.

Aluminum, Brass, Stainless Steel, Steel

Clear

Smooth, Matte finish

Powder Coating

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Powder coating in surface treatment is a dry finishing process where a fine powder is electrostatically applied to a surface. The coated object is then cured under heat, melting the powder particles and forming a durable, smooth, uniform coating.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Black, Grey, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Gold, Vertical stripe

Smooth, Matte finish

Electroplating

Electroplating_Laser Tube Cutting Part - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Electroplating in surface treatment is when a metal coating is applied to a conductive surface through an electrochemical reaction. It involves immersing the object to be plated in a solution containing metal ions and using an electric current to deposit a metal layer onto the surface.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Clear, White, Black, Grey, Red, Yellow, Blue, Green, Gold, Silver, Bronze

Smooth, Semi-matte, Matte finish

Polishing

Polishing_Laser Tube Cutting Part - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Polishing is the process of creating a shiny and smooth surface, either through physical rubbing of the part or by chemical interference. This process produces a surface with significant specular reflection but can reduce diffuse reflection in some materials.

Aluminum, Titanium, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Clear

Smooth, Mirror finish

Electrophoresis

Electrophoresis_Laser Tube Cutting Part - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Electrophoresis is a process in which charged resin particles (ions) in a solution are moved by an electric field and deposited on a metal surface to form a protective coating.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Black, Grey, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Gold, Silver, Purple

Smooth, Matte finish

Painting

Painting_Laser Tube Cutting Part - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Painting is especially suitable for the surface of the primary material of metal. It will strengthen the material's moistureproof& rust prevention functions and enhance its compression resistance and internal structural stability.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Black, Grey, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Gold, Silver, Purple

Smooth, Matte finish

Excellent Laser Tube Cutting Services

Excellence isn’t just a claim; it’s a constant commitment. Choose us for laser tube cutting that redefines precision—your standards, our expertise – a match that delivers every time.

Typical Laser Tube Cutting Products

Laser Tube Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

FAQs Related To Laser Tube Cutting

A: Laser tube cutting is a versatile and precise method used to cut various types of tubes and profiles. The typical processes involved in laser tube cutting are as follows:

  1. Tube Preparation: Before cutting, the tube is prepared by cleaning its surface and ensuring it is free from contaminants. This step helps to achieve optimal cutting results and ensure that quality of the finished product is good.
  2. Programming: A 3D CAD model of the desired shape or pattern is created, and the cutting parameters are defined in the CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacturing) software. The software generates the toolpath and instructions for the laser cutting machine.
  3. Laser Cutting: The tube is securely clamped or held in place by a chuck or other holding mechanism. The laser cutting machine uses a high-powered laser beam to cut through the tube. 
  4. Tube Rotation and Positioning: In some cases, the laser cutting machine can rotate or reposition the tube during the cutting process. This allows for complex shapes, angles, or cutouts to be achieved by cutting the tube from different angles.
  5. Real-Time Monitoring: During the cutting process, sensors and cameras may be used to monitor the cutting quality, measure dimensions, or detect any defects or deviations, ensuring the accuracy and consistency of the cut tubes.
  6. Post-Processing: After the laser cutting is complete, the cut tubes may undergo additional processes such as deburring, cleaning, or surface treatment to remove any sharp edges, improve the surface finish, or meet specific requirements.

Laser tube cutting offers several advantages, including high precision, flexibility in design, and the ability to cut complex shapes. It is commonly used in the automotive, aerospace, construction, and furniture manufacturing industries. The specific processes and equipment used may vary depending on the laser-cutting machine and the application's requirements.

A: While laser tube cutting is a highly precise and efficient process, there can be specific common problems that may arise. Here are some of the common issues encountered in laser tube cutting:

  1. Material Variations: Tubes may have variations in material thickness, hardness, or composition, which can affect the cutting process. Inconsistent material properties can lead to uneven cuts, excessive heat, or difficulty in achieving the desired quality.
  2. Thermal Distortion: The intense heat generated by the laser can cause thermal distortion in the tube, especially in thin-walled or long tubes. This can result in warping, bending, or twisting of the tube, leading to dimensional inaccuracies or difficulties in assembly.
  3. Kerf Width Variation: The kerf width refers to the width of the cut made by the laser. Variations in the kerf width can occur due to factors such as material composition, laser power, cutting speed, or focusing. Inconsistent kerf width can affect the fit and assembly of the cut pieces.
  4. Burr Formation: Burrs or rough edges may form along the cut edge of the tube, especially in materials with higher hardness or when cutting thick-walled tubes. Burrs can affect the quality of the cut, create sharp edges, or interfere with subsequent processes like welding or assembly.
  5. Beam Divergence: Over longer cutting distances, the laser beam may experience beam divergence, causing a decrease in beam quality and precision. This can result in less accurate cuts, especially for complex shapes or tight tolerances.
  6. Gas Flow and Pressure: The proper flow and pressure of assist gas, such as nitrogen or oxygen, is crucial for efficient laser cutting. Inadequate gas flow or pressure can affect the cutting speed, quality, and the removal of molten material. It is essential to optimize the gas parameters for different materials and thicknesses.
  7. Focus Variation: Maintaining a consistent and optimal focus point of the laser beam is critical for achieving precise cuts. Any variation in the focus due to factors like tube diameter, surface irregularities, or improper focal lens adjustment can result in inconsistent cutting quality.

Proper machine calibration, material selection, process optimization, and regular maintenance are necessary to address these issues. Working with experienced operators and implementing quality control measures is essential to ensure the desired cutting precision and efficiency.

A: To solve the problems of "overburning" and "hanging slag" in the laser pipe-cutting process, several methods can be employed:

Optimize Cutting Parameters: 

  1. Adjusting cutting parameters such as cutting speed, laser power, and assist air pressure can alleviate burn and dross problems. Fine-tuning these parameters can minimize excess heat generation and achieve a cleaner cut.
  2. Implement Piercing Techniques: Proper piercing techniques can help reduce overburning and hanging slag. Pre-piercing smaller holes before starting the main cut allows for better cutting process control, reducing the likelihood of excessive material melting and slag formation.
  3. Use Nozzle Extensions: Nozzle extensions can be used to keep the distance between the nozzle and the material consistent throughout the cutting process. This helps maintain a stable and optimal cutting condition, reducing the chances of overburning or hanging slag.
  4. Implement Air or Gas Curtains: Air or gas curtains directed near the cutting area can help blow away molten material and prevent it from adhering to the cut edges, reducing hanging slag formation.
  5. Implement Slag Removal Techniques: After the cutting process, implementing effective slag removal techniques, such as brushing or air blowing, can help remove any hanging slag or loose particles from the cut edges. This ensures a clean and smooth finish.
  6. Material Selection: Choosing materials with better cutability and lower susceptibility to overburning and slag formation can also help alleviate these issues. Consulting material suppliers or conducting tests can provide insights into selecting materials that are more compatible with laser cutting processes.
  7. Regular Machine Maintenance: Proper maintenance of the laser cutting machine, including cleaning optical elements, checking the gas flow, and ensuring proper focus adjustment, is essential to prevent issues like overburning and hanging slag. Regular maintenance helps maintain consistent cutting performance and reduces the likelihood of these problems occurring.

Implementing a combination of these methods, along with proper training and experience, can significantly reduce overburning and hanging slag issues in laser pipe-cutting processes.

A: The key technologies of a laser tube cutting system include:

  1. Laser Source: The laser source provides the high-energy laser beam required for cutting. Fiber lasers are commonly used in tube-cutting systems due to their high power, efficiency, and beam quality.
  2. CNC Control System: A CNC (Computer Numerical Control) system can control the movement and positioning of the laser cutting head and cutting tube. It interprets the cutting program and coordinates the various machine components for precise cutting.
  3. Cutting Head: The cutting head focuses the laser beam onto the tube and controls its movement during cutting. It typically consists of a focusing lens, nozzle, and capacitive height sensor for maintaining proper focus and distance.
  4. Tube Handling System: The tube handling system securely holds and positions the tube during cutting. This system may include mechanisms such as chucks, clamps, or rotary devices to ensure accurate and stable tube positioning.
  5. Assist Gas Delivery System: The assist gas, such as oxygen or nitrogen, is used to blow away molten material, cool the cutting area, and aid in the cutting process. The assist gas delivery system ensures a controlled and consistent flow of gas to optimize cutting performance.
  6. Real-time Monitoring Systems: Laser tube cutting systems often incorporate real-time monitoring systems to ensure quality and efficiency. These systems may include cameras, sensors, or vision systems to monitor the cutting process, detect defects, or measure dimensional accuracy.
  7. CAD/CAM Software: Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) software are essential for creating cutting programs, designing tube profiles, and generating toolpaths. These software tools enable efficient programming and optimization of cutting parameters.
  8. Safety Features: Laser tube cutting systems incorporate various safety features to protect operators and equipment. These may include protective enclosures, safety interlocks, laser beam shielding, and emergency stop mechanisms.
  9. Automation Integration: Advanced laser tube cutting systems can be integrated with automation solutions such as robotic loading/unloading, material handling systems, or part sorting systems. This enables higher productivity, reduced manual intervention, and improved production flow.

Combining and integrating these key technologies ensures precise, efficient, and automated laser tube-cutting operations. Continuous advancements in these technologies contribute to improved cutting speed, quality, and versatility in various industry applications.

A: Laser pipe cutting can be used for various pipe splicing processes, including:

  1. Butt Joint: In the butt joint process, two pipe ends are cut at precise angles to create flat mating surfaces. The laser cutting system can be programmed to cut the pipe ends with the required angles, ensuring a tight fit when the pipes are joined together.
  2. Bevel Joint: Bevel joint is similar to the butt joint, but the pipe ends are cut at an angle to create a V-shaped groove. This allows for a larger contact area and stronger weld when the pipes are welded together.
  3. Lap Joint: One pipe end is cut flat in a lap joint while the other is cut with an overlapping edge. This creates a lap joint when the pipes are fitted together. The laser cutting system can be programmed to cut the overlapping edge with precise dimensions to achieve the desired joint configuration.
  4. T-Joint: For T-joint splicing, one pipe is cut with a straight end while the other is cut at an angle to create a T-shaped profile. The laser cutting system can be used to cut the required angles and dimensions for the T-joint.
  5. Y-Joint: Similar to the T-joint, the Y-joint involves cutting one pipe with a straight end and the other with two angled ends to create a Y-shaped profile. Laser cutting enables precise cutting of the angles and dimensions required for the Y-joint.
  6. Miter Joint: Miter joint involves cutting both pipe ends at an angle to create a beveled profile. The angles are typically equal, resulting in a joint that forms a straight line when the pipes are fitted together.

The specific choice of pipe splicing process depends on the application, design requirements, and welding method to be used. Laser pipe cutting offers high precision and flexibility in creating the necessary profiles for these splicing processes, ensuring accurate and reliable joints in various applications.

A: Pipe nesting technology refers to the process of optimizing the arrangement and layout of pipe profiles on a sheet or a tube bundle to maximize material utilization and minimize waste during cutting. It involves efficiently placing multiple pipe profiles within a given space, considering various factors such as size, shape, orientation, and cutting constraints.

Pipe nesting technology uses advanced software algorithms that analyze the available material and the required pipe profiles. The software considers pipe lengths, diameters, desired quantities, and specific cutting requirements.

The nesting software then generates an optimized layout that positions the pipe profiles most efficiently, aiming to minimize the unused material or scrap. The software may also consider other factors like cutting time, cutting path optimization, and avoidance of collisions between the cutting head and the pipes.

By maximizing material utilization, pipe nesting technology helps reduce material waste and optimize production efficiency. It enables manufacturers to make the most of their raw materials, reduce costs, and improve overall productivity in pipe-cutting processes.

A: The main process parameters of laser tube cutting are influenced by several factors, including:

  1. Material Type: The type of material being cut plays a important role in determining the process parameters. Different materials have varying properties, such as thickness, composition, and reflectivity, which affect the laser power, cutting speed, and focus position.
  2. Material Thickness: The thickness of the cut tube affects the choice of laser power and cutting speed. Thicker materials generally require higher laser power and slower cutting speeds to achieve optimal cutting quality.
  3. Laser Power: The laser power determines the intensity of the laser beam and affects the cutting speed and cutting quality. Higher laser power allows faster cutting speeds and better penetration through thicker materials.
  4. Cutting Speed: The cutting speed refers to the rate at which the laser beam moves along the tube during cutting. It affects the time required for the cutting process and influences the heat input into the material. The cutting speed needs to be optimized to achieve a balance between cutting quality and production efficiency.
  5. Focus Position: The focus position refers to the location where the laser beam is focused onto the tube surface. It affects the beam spot size and energy density, influencing the cutting quality and speed. The focus position needs to be adjusted based on the material thickness and desired cutting results.
  6. Assist Gas: Assist gas, such as oxygen, nitrogen, or compressed air, is used to blow away molten material and assist in the cutting process. The choice of help gas and its pressure affects the cutting quality, speed, and the formation of burrs or dross.
  7. Nozzle Design: The design of the cutting nozzle affects the gas flow, beam delivery, and heat dissipation. The nozzle geometry and size influence the gas pressure and flow rate, affecting the cutting quality and efficiency.

These factors, along with the application's specific requirements, need to be carefully considered and optimized to achieve the desired cutting results in laser tube cutting processes.

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