Waterjet Cutting

Custom Waterjet Cutting Services

Our waterjet cutting services offer a precise and versatile solution for cutting an array of materials with utmost accuracy. By employing a high-pressure stream of water mixed with abrasives, we can cater to intricate designs and shapes that conventional methods struggle with.

With minimal material wastage and a clean finish, our environmentally friendly approach reduces the need for extensive post-processing. If you’re seeking efficient and tailored cutting solutions, our custom waterjet cutting is a reliable choice across various sectors, from architecture to industrial manufacturing.

  • Unparalleled Precision
  • Material Versatility
  • Efficiency & Sustainability
Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

What’s Waterjet Cutting Process?

Waterjet cutting stands as an advanced manufacturing technique, employing a high-pressure water stream to intricately sever an array of materials with precision. This method is particularly valuable for materials sensitive to heat or those requiring intricate and precise cuts. The process begins with pressurizing water to extremely high levels, often exceeding 60,000 pounds per square inch (psi).

This pressurized water is then directed through a specially designed nozzle, which focuses the water into a concentrated jet. Fine abrasive particles can be added to the water to enhance cutting efficiency, creating an abrasive waterjet. This abrasive-laden jet is propelled toward the material to be cut. As the waterjet makes contact with the material, it erodes the material’s surface layer by layer.

The high velocity of the water particles, combined with the abrasive grit, effectively wears away the material, creating a precise cut. The process is computer-controlled, allowing intricate shapes and designs to be cut accurately.

Our Qualification For Waterjet Cutting Service

Our qualifications in waterjet cutting reflect a combination of expertise, cutting-edge technology, and a track record of successful projects. Having accumulated years of industry exposure, our adept team thoroughly knows the nuances of waterjet cutting techniques and their practical applications. We boast a state-of-the-art facility equipped with advanced waterjet cutting machinery that operates at high pressures, ensuring precision and efficiency.

Our equipment is regularly maintained and calibrated to uphold the highest standards of accuracy in every cut we make. In addition, our team undergoes continuous training to stay updated with the latest waterjet cutting technology and techniques advancements. Our history of successfully executed projects speaks to our proficiency in handling a diverse range of materials and complexities. Whether it’s intricate design in metals, precise cuts in ceramics, or complex plastic shapes, our expertise covers a broad spectrum of materials and industries.

Manufacturing Process

The waterjet cutting manufacturing process at JIAHUI involves material preparation, CAD design, high-pressure water generation, and precise computer-controlled cutting. It ensures accurate and clean cuts across diverse materials, spanning various industries.

Waterjet Cutting Manufacturing Process - https://jiahuicustom.com/
Material Cutting Slit Material Thickness Surface Finish Tolerance
Stainless Steel 0.8~1.2mm 0.8~100mm Ra1.6µm ±0.1mm(up to ±0.02mm if use dynamic waterjet cutting)
Steel 0.8~1.2mm 0.8~150mm Ra1.6µm ±0.1mm(up to ±0.02mm if use dynamic waterjet cutting)
Aluminum 0.8~1.2mm 0.8~100mm Ra1.6µm ±0.1mm(up to ±0.02mm if use dynamic waterjet cutting)
Copper 0.8~1.2mm 0.8~100mm Ra1.6µm ±0.1mm(up to ±0.02mm if use dynamic waterjet cutting)
Titanium 0.8~1.2mm 0.8~250mm Ra1.6µm ±0.1mm(up to ±0.02mm if use dynamic waterjet cutting)
Plastic 0.8~1.2mm 0.8~300mm Ra1.6µm ±0.1mm(up to ±0.02mm if use dynamic waterjet cutting)

Our Waterjet Cutting Production Capabilities

Our Waterjet Cutting Production Capabilities encompass a wide array of materials, from metals and ceramics to stone and glass. With cutting-edge machinery, we achieve precision cuts for industrial components, intricate designs, signage, and more.

Materials for Waterjet Cutting Parts

Our waterjet cutting process embraces various materials, proving its adaptability across industries. Our technology achieves precision cuts from metals to ceramics, plastics to composites, and even delicate substances like glass and textiles. This versatility underscores our commitment to delivering effective solutions for diverse cutting requirements.

  • Aluminum
  • Copper
  • Stainless Steel
  • Carbon Steel
  • ABS
  • POM
  • PC
  • PA
  • PE


The distinctive characteristics of aluminum make it one of the best materials for waterjet cutting. The major aluminum alloys are A360, A380, A390, A413, ADC12, and ADC1. Among all, the A380 is the most worthwhile aluminum alloy.


  • Excellent corrosion resistance
  • Lightweight
  • High strength and hardness
  • Outstanding thermal conductivity
  • High electrical conductivity
  • Remarkable EMI and RFI shielding properties


Copper is a reddish-orange metal with a face-centered cubic structure that is highly valued for its aesthetics. It exhibits remarkable properties, yet, it can be alloyed with different elements, such as aluminum, tin, zinc, nickel, etc., to improve its characteristics further. The following are some fundamental properties of copper that make it ideal for producing die-casting parts.


  • Very soft
  • An excellent conductor of heat and electricity
  • Good corrosion resistance
  • High ductility
  • Fine malleability


Stainless Steel - https://jiahuicustom.com/Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is metal-enriched with chromium elements (11%) and a small amount of carbon. Chromium offers corrosion resistance to stainless steel. Due to this, the die-cast parts are less likely to be affected by rust or corrosion. It can be easily molded into several forms. Thus, manufacturers prefer it for the die-casting process.


  • Extremely durable
  • High tensile strength
  • Corrosion resistant
  • Easy fabrication and formability
  • Low maintenance cost


Carbon Steel - https://jiahuicustom.com/Carbon Steel

Carbon steel is famous for its low cost and versatile nature. Typically, carbon steel is divided into three categories, i.e., low-carbon, medium-carbon, and high-carbon steel. The properties of these types differ according to the carbon content present in the material. Low-carbon steel is known for its good machinability and weldability, whereas high-carbon steel is used in high-strength applications.


  • Very hard
  • Ductile and malleable
  • Relatively low tensile strength
  • Good machinability
  • Low cost


ABS - https://jiahuicustom.com/


ABS is a thermoplastic material known for its strength, impact resistance, and toughness. It is widely used in various industries for its excellent mechanical properties, ease of processing, and versatility. ABS is commonly found in applications such as automotive parts, toys, electronics, and household appliances.


  • High-impact resistance and toughness
  • Good dimensional stability
  • Excellent chemical resistance
  • Easy to process and mold
  • Versatile and used in various applications, including automotive, electronics, and consumer goods.


POM - https://jiahuicustom.com/


POM, also known as acetal or Delrin, is a high-performance engineering thermoplastic known for its excellent strength, stiffness, and dimensional stability. It has low friction, good wear resistance, and is resistant to moisture, chemicals, and solvents. POM is commonly used in mechanical and precision parts, automotive components, and electrical applications.


  • High strength and stiffness
  • Low friction and wear resistance
  • Excellent dimensional stability
  • Good chemical resistance
  • Low water absorption


PC - https://jiahuicustom.com/


PC is a durable and transparent thermoplastic material known for its high impact resistance and optical clarity. It has good electrical insulating properties, excellent dimensional stability, and can bear a wide range of temperature. PC is commonly used in safety glasses, automotive components, and electronic enclosures.


  • High impact resistance
  • Optical clarity
  • Good dimensional stability
  • Electrical insulation
  • Wide temperature range


PA - https://jiahuicustom.com/


PA, commonly known as nylon, is a versatile thermoplastic material with excellent mechanical properties. It offers high strength, toughness, abrasion resistance, good chemical resistance, and dimensional stability. PA is widely used in various industries for applications such as electrical components, consumer goods, and automotive parts.


  • High tensile strength and toughness
  • Good chemical resistance
  • Low friction and wear resistance
  • Excellent dimensional stability
  • Good thermal stability


PE - https://jiahuicustom.com/


PE is a widely used thermoplastic material known for its excellent chemical resistance, low moisture absorption, and high impact strength. It is lightweight, flexible, and has good electrical insulating properties. PE is commonly used in packaging, pipes, automotive components, and various consumer products.


  • Excellent chemical resistance
  • High-impact strength and toughness
  • Low moisture absorption
  • Good electrical insulating properties
  • Lightweight and flexible


Surface Treatment For Waterjet Cutting Parts

Our surface treatment for waterjet cutting parts enhances their final quality and appearance. This step involves refining the surface to meet specific functional requirements, ensuring that the parts perform optimally and look their best in their intended applications.



Anodizing_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Anodizing improves corrosion resistance, enhancing wear and hardness and protecting the metal surface. This surface finish is widely used in mechanical parts, aircraft, automobile parts, and precision instruments.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc

Clear, Black, Grey, Red, Blue, Gold, White, Silver, purple

Smooth, Matte finish

Bead Blasting

Bead Blasting_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Bead blasting in surface treatment is a process where fine abrasive particles, such as glass beads or ceramic media, are propelled at high speed onto a surface using compressed air. This abrasive action helps to remove rust, paint, or other contaminants, leaving behind a clean and textured surface finish.

ABS, Aluminum, Brass, Stainless Steel, Steel


Smooth, Matte finish

Powder Coating

Powder Coating_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Powder coating in surface treatment is a dry finishing process where a fine powder is electrostatically applied to a surface. The coated object is then cured under heat, melting the powder particles and forming a durable, smooth, uniform coating.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Black, Grey, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Gold, Vertical stripe

Smooth, Matte finish


Electroplating_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Electroplating in surface treatment is when a metal coating is applied to a conductive surface through an electrochemical reaction. It involves immersing the object to be plated in a solution containing metal ions and using an electric current to deposit a metal layer onto the surface.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium,Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Clear, White, Black, Grey, Red, Yellow, Blue, Green, Gold, Silver, Bronze

Smooth, Semi-matte, Matte finish

Laser Carving

Laser Carving_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Laser carving is a surface treatment method that utilizes laser technology to remove material from a surface, creating intricate designs, patterns, or text. It provides precise and customizable engraving on various materials, enhancing aesthetics and adding a personal touch to the surface.

Stainless Steel, Fe-based Alloy Steel, Copper Alloy, Nickel-base Alloy, Titanium, Hard Alloy

Clear, White, Black, Grey, Red, Yellow, Blue, Green, Gold, Silver, Bronze

Smooth, Matte finish


Polishing_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Polishing is the process of creating a shiny and smooth surface, either through physical rubbing of the part or by chemical interference. This process produces a surface with significant specular reflection but can reduce diffuse reflection in some materials.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel


Smooth, Mirror finish


Brushing_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Brushing in surface treatment refers to manually or mechanically applying abrasive brushes to a surface, usually metal, to remove imperfections, create a uniform texture, or enhance its appearance.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel


Smooth, Matte finish


Electrophoresis_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Electrophoresis is a process in which charged resin particles (ions) in a solution are moved by an electric field and deposited on a metal surface to form a protective coating.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Black, Grey, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Gold, Silver, Purple

Smooth, Matte finish


Painting_Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

Painting is especially suitable for the surface of the primary material of metal. It will strengthen the material's moistureproof& rust prevention functions and enhance its compression resistance and internal structural stability.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium, Zinc, Copper, Stainless Steel, Steel

Black, Grey, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Green, Gold, Silver, Purple

Smooth, Matte finish

Excellent Waterjet Cutting Services

Our commitment to quality, efficiency, and client satisfaction ensures that each project is executed with utmost precision and care.

Typical Waterjet Cutting Products

Waterjet Cutting - https://jiahuicustom.com/

FAQs Related To Waterjet Cutting

A: Waterjet cutting is a precision cutting process that utilizes a high-pressure jet of water mixed with abrasive particles to cut various materials. Several factors can influence the tolerances achieved in waterjet cutting. Some of the key factors include:

  1. Material Thickness: The thickness of the material being cut can affect the achievable tolerances. Thicker materials may have a wider kerf (cutting width) compared to thinner materials, which can result in slightly reduced tolerances.
  2. Cutting Speed: The speed at which the waterjet travels across the material can impact the cutting tolerances. Higher cutting speeds may result in slightly wider kerf widths and potentially affect the dimensional accuracy of the cut.
  3. Material Type: Different materials have varying properties, such as hardness, density, and brittleness, which can affect the cutting tolerances. Softer and more ductile materials tend to have better tolerances compared to harder and more brittle materials.
  4. Abrasive Type and Size: The type and size of the abrasive particles used in the waterjet cutting process can influence the cutting tolerances. Finer abrasives generally result in better tolerances but may also slow down the cutting speed.
  5. Jet Pressure: The pressure of the waterjet affects the cutting tolerances. Higher pressures can provide better cutting precision, but there is a limit to the pressure that can be used based on the material being cut and the equipment's capabilities.
  6. Nozzle Size: The diameter of the waterjet nozzle can impact the cutting tolerances. Smaller nozzle sizes often result in finer cuts and better tolerances but may also reduce the cutting speed.
  7. Machine Condition and Calibration: The condition and calibration of the waterjet cutting machine are crucial in achieving accurate tolerances. Regular maintenance, proper alignment, and machine calibration are essential to ensure consistent and precise cuts.
  8. Design Considerations: The design of the part being cut can also affect the achievable tolerances. Factors such as sharp corners, intricate geometries, and small features may challenge maintaining tight tolerances.

It is important to note that the achievable tolerances in waterjet cutting are generally excellent, often ranging within a few thousandths of an inch. However, the specific tolerances that can be achieved depend on a combination of these factors and may vary for different materials and applications. Proper optimization and adjustments can be made based on the project's specific requirements to achieve the desired tolerances in waterjet cutting.

A: Waterjet positioning accuracy and tolerance are two important aspects that determine the precision and quality of the cuts in waterjet cutting. While they are related, there are distinct differences between the two:

  1. Positioning Accuracy: Positioning accuracy refers to the capability of a waterjet cutting system to accurately position the cutting head relative to the material being cut. It represents how closely the waterjet cutting machine can follow the programmed path or design specifications. Positioning accuracy is typically measured in terms of linear displacements, such as millimeters or inches. For example, a positioning accuracy of ±0.1 mm means that the actual position of the cutting head may deviate by up to 0.1 mm from the desired position.
  2. Tolerance: Tolerance, on the other hand, refers to the allowable variation or deviation from the intended dimensions or specifications of the cut part. It represents the acceptable level of variation in dimensions, such as the cut's width, length, or geometry. Tolerance is typically specified in terms of a range or deviation from the desired dimensions. For example, a tolerance of ±0.2 mm means that the actual dimensions of the cut part can deviate by up to 0.2 mm from the intended dimensions.

In simpler terms, positioning accuracy relates to the precision of the machine in following the cutting path, while tolerance relates to the acceptable level of variation in the actual dimensions of the cut part. Positioning accuracy is a measure of the machine's capability, while tolerance is a measure of the desired outcome or specification.

It is important to note that achieving high positioning accuracy does not necessarily guarantee meeting tight tolerances. Other factors such as material properties, cutting parameters, machine calibration, and design considerations also play a significant role in determining the achievable tolerances in waterjet cutting.

Both positioning accuracy and tolerance are critical factors in ensuring the desired precision and quality of the cuts in waterjet cutting. Manufacturers and designers need to consider both aspects to meet the particular requirements of their projects and ensure the required level of precision and dimensional accuracy.

A: Kerf and cutting tolerance are two terms used in the context of cutting processes like waterjet cutting. While they are related to the cutting operation, they refer to different aspects:

  1. Kerf: Kerf is the width of the cut or the material removed during the cutting process. It represents the actual physical width of the cut made by the cutting tool, such as a waterjet. Kerf is determined by various factors, including the nozzle size, cutting speed, and material properties. In waterjet cutting, the kerf is typically very narrow, ranging from a fraction of a millimeter to a few millimeters, depending on the specific cutting parameters and material being cut. The kerf width is an inherent characteristic of the cutting process and is not directly related to the cutting tolerance.
  2. Cutting Tolerance: Cutting tolerance refers to the allowable variation or deviation from the intended dimensions or specifications of the cut part. It represents the acceptable level of variation in the dimensions, such as the cut's width, length, or geometry. Cutting tolerance is typically specified as a range or deviation from the desired dimensions. For example, a cutting tolerance of ±0.2 mm means that the actual dimensions of the cut part can deviate by up to 0.2 mm from the intended dimensions. Cutting tolerance measures the desired outcome or specification and is not directly related to the kerf width.

In summary, kerf refers to the width of the actual cut made by the cutting tool, while cutting tolerance refers to the acceptable level of variation in the dimensions of the cut part. Kerf is an inherent characteristic of the cutting process while cutting tolerance is a specified requirement. The kerf width does not directly determine the cutting tolerance but can influence the achievable dimensional accuracy and precision. Manufacturers and designers must consider kerf and cutting tolerance to ensure the desired dimensional accuracy and quality of the cuts in a cutting operation.

A: Waterjet cutting can be classified into different categories based on various factors. Here are some common classifications of waterjet cutting:

  1. Pure Waterjet Cutting: Pure waterjet cutting involves using a high-pressure jet of water to cut through softer materials such as foam, rubber, textiles, and some thin metals. It is primarily used for materials that do not require abrasive particles for cutting.
  2. Abrasive Waterjet Cutting: Abrasive waterjet cutting involves adding abrasive particles, usually garnet, to the high-pressure water stream. The abrasive particles enhance the cutting ability of the waterjet, allowing it to cut through harder materials such as metals, ceramics, composites, and stone.
  3. Cold Cutting: Waterjet cutting is a cold cutting process as it does not generate heat during cutting. This makes it suitable for materials that are sensitive to heat, including heat-sensitive metals, plastics, and composites.
  4. 2D Cutting: 2D waterjet cutting involves cutting flat or sheet materials along a 2D plane. It is commonly used to cut intricate shapes, contours, and profiles in metal sheets, rubber, gaskets, and foam.
  5. 3D Cutting: 3D waterjet cutting involves cutting materials in a three-dimensional space, allowing for complex and contoured shapes. This is achieved by using computer-controlled robotic arms or multi-axis waterjet cutting systems that can move the cutting head in multiple directions.
  6. Precision Cutting: Precision waterjet cutting refers to cutting with high positioning accuracy and tight tolerances. It is often used for applications that require precise dimensional accuracy and fine details, such as in the aerospace, automotive, and medical industries.
  7. Industrial Cutting: In large-scale manufacturing and production processes, industrial waterjet cutting refers to using waterjets. It is commonly employed in metal fabrication, aerospace, automotive, and construction industries for cutting various materials and parts.

These are some of the common classifications of waterjet cutting. The specific classification used may vary depending on the industry, application, and specific requirements of the cutting project.

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